The ongoing pandemic, has locked people in their houses. The virus keeps spreading, finding new hosts every day. The worldwide charts show the constant growth of the virus attack, as countries lock themselves down, by issuing stay-at-home orders. Countries worldwide are in shock as to how to slacken the spread of this deadly virus and keep the citizens safe.
The virus is first known to be found in Wuhan city, of China. It is known to make its transfer to human hosts in the “wet markets” of Wuhan. These markets are known for selling fresh meat and fish. The wet conditions of the market allowed the viruses to breed and swap genes thereby changing through such fast mutations that it could affect humans.
Suspicion also fell on pangolins which are also sold in the “wet markets”. Some traits of the coronaviruses that affect pangolins are similar to SARS-CoV-2. However, as the virus started spreading beyond China borders, it came into the recognition that the virus can spread through human contact.
SARS-CoV-2, commonly known as coronavirus spreads through human contact, from person to person through close communities. Some scientific publications provide initial evidence on whether the COVID-19 virus can be detected in the air and thus, some news outlets have suggested that there has been airborne transmission. The most common way for the virus to spread is through close contact with the infected person which is about 6 feet. The disease is most contagious when a person’s symptoms are at their peak.
The Effect Of Coronavirus
The virus has spread throughout the world, wreaking havoc in every country it has entered. The United States is leading in the number of people affected, followed closely by Russia and India. Countries are seeking for a way to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2.
All governments have applied nationwide lockdowns with strict social distancing norms and mandatory wearing of masks. Apart from these precautions, countries are still on the search for a sure cure to this virus. Thus, continuous research on the treatment and ways to produce a vaccine are in the making.
Report On Coronavirus Vaccine
American pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, and German biotech firm BioNTech SE, are on the way of testing coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine trials and it has shown positive results even as India and China joined the race. Coronavirus has thrown a challenge in front of humankind and researchers around the world are endeavouring tirelessly towards developing the COVID-19 vaccine.
As per the latest information, scientists are working on more than 150 probable vaccines for coronavirus. Out of these, 130 are at preclinical phases, 13 are at Phase I, nine have managed to reach Phase II, and three are at Phase III.
1-Coronavirus Vaccine Preparation By Pfizer And BioNTech SE
The US-based pharmaceutical giant Pfizer Inc. and European biotechnology company BioNTech SE have joined hands to produce coronavirus covid19 vaccine. A study shows that, the COVID-19 vaccine candidate tested by the organisations is in safe, well tolerated conditions and is able to produce antibodies in people, to fight against the virus. The report describes the preliminary clinical data for the candidate vaccine — nucleoside-modified messenger RNA (modRNA), BNT162b1.
2-Coronavirus vaccine preparation in India
India has joined the race to produce the Coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine and so far positive signs have emerged during the research process. Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech has received approval from Drug Controller General of India (DGCI) to start phase I and II clinical trials. Bharat Biotech is producing the vaccine in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institue of Virology (NIV). Reports suggest that preclinical trials, yielded positive results.
Assam’s Dibrugarh-based Regional Medical Research Centre has successfully isolated SARS-CoV-2 virus. State Health Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said that this can be used for the production of coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine. The RMRC has become the third government laboratory in the country after the NIV, Pune, and the CCMB, Hyderabad, to isolate the virus.
3-Coronavirus vaccine preparation by Oxford
Although a typical vaccine can take years to get off the ground, the news of Oxford University-AstraZeneca candidate entering late-stage trials, with 8,000 volunteers already enrolled, has raised hopes of an early arrival of a Covid-19 vaccine.A professor of vaccinology at the university has been heard to say that 8,000 volunteers were enrolled for the Phase III of its trial into the vaccine, AZD1222.Phase III of the human trials will assess and monitor how the vaccine works in a large number of people over the age of 18, and how well the vaccine works to prevent people from becoming infected by COVID-19.
4-Coronavirus vaccine preparation by USA
US-based pharmaceutical giant Moderna Inc. has given the world promises to generate a vaccine for the cause. In July, the company will start the largest phase of the clinical trials of its Coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine.
5-Coronavirus vaccine preparation in China
The vaccine candidate developed by CanSino Biologics has been approved for use by China’s military after clinical trials proved it was safe and somewhat efficient, Reuters reported.The Ad5-nCoV vaccine, one of the eight vaccine candidates being developed by China, has won approval for human testing in Canada.China’s Central Military Commission approved the use of the vaccine by the military on June 25 for a period of one year, as reported by CanSino. The Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials showed the vaccine candidate has potential to prevent diseases caused by the coronavirus
6-Coronavirus vaccine preparation by Imperial College of London
Imperial College of London has successfully started phase I clinical trial for its Coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine. The UK government is funding the research process for this vaccine. The organization is hopeful about achieving final results by the first half of next year.
Previous consideration, into finding vaccines against the disease had brought into light the facts that it will take longer to get results. However, recent research all over the world promises to find an early alternative for the disease.